Flora (photo album 3) 

There's a map and list of wild plants that may be found around Stratford sub Castle on the Botany webpage..

Striped hedge

Striped hedge

Blackthorn produces blossom before its leaves and is named for its darker bark. Hawthorn produces leaves before its blossom and is named for its fruits, the haws. Both are used in hedging as they can be pleached. Where used together they can give, for a few weeks in spring, green and white striped hedges. Stratford Road. Kerry O'Connor. April 2021

Orange Slime Mould

Orange Slime Mould

Orange Slime Mould Cryptococcus macerans, felled Heale Estate tree, Beech Walk roadside. April 2021 Kerry O'Connor

Dog's Mercury

Dog's Mercury

This whole carpet of Dog’s mercury (Mercuralis perennis) alongside the Avenue to Keeper’s Cottage is comprised of male plants. It is a spurge and is poisonous. March 2021 Image: Kerry O’Connor

Dog's Mercury Close up

Dog's Mercury Close up

March 2021 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Lords and Ladies

Lords and Ladies

Nine out of ten Lords and Ladies plants are “immaculate”, without spots or blemishes on their leaves, inherited dominantly, as the plant on the left here on The Avenue to Keeper’s Cottage. But is the minority WITH the spots on the leaves, inherited recessively, as here on the right that give this lily its specific epithet Arum maculatum. March 2021 Image: Kerry O’Connor

Glory of the Snow

Glory of the Snow

(Chionodoxa, a section of Scilla, probably luciliae) in bloom in mid-March on a bank south of Salterton. 15 March 2021 Image: Kerry O'Connor

A lone, early, Spanish bluebell

A lone, early, Spanish bluebell

Hyacinthoides hispanica, is flowering at the gateway to the gas substation on Gradidge Lane. Perhaps it arrived in some fly-tipped garden waste and has confused a microclimate warmed by the gas station and sheltered by the old pit with some Iberian idyll. 14 March 2021 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Winter Heliotrope (Petasites fragrans)

Winter Heliotrope (Petasites fragrans)

There's a bank of Winter Heliotrope (Petasites fragrans) at the end of Mill Lane and the footpath from it to the bridge. It can be distinguished from the related Butterbur by flowering now and not in spring. (1 of 2) Image: Kerry O'Connor December 2020

Winter Heliotrope (Petasites fragrans)

Winter Heliotrope (Petasites fragrans)

They don’t spread by fertile seeds, rhizomes creep underground often along river or road banks. There aren’t many sunny hours now either and the flowers follow what sun there is, giving it the name Heliotrope. (2 of 2) Image: Kerry O'Connor December 2020

Lawyer's Wig, Shaggy Ink Cap, Coprinus comatus

Lawyer's Wig, Shaggy Ink Cap, Coprinus comatus

Edible at the stage before it turns to ink but can interact with alcohol. Coprinus means living on dung but in fact C comatus doesn’t. Comatus means hairy, the scales curl up like a lawyer’s wig. The ink can be used as such. Avon Farm November 2020 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Cyclamen (Sowbread)

Cyclamen (Sowbread)

In dappled autumn sunlight in St Lawrence graveyard (both pink & white flowers). Image: Kerry O'Connor September 2020

Spindle (Euonymus europaea)

Spindle (Euonymus europaea)

Unspectacular tiny white flowers turn into attractive pink fruit capsules containing bright orange seeds. Image 3 of 3: Rosemary Winson 24 Aug 2020

Spindle tree (Euonymus europaea)

Spindle tree (Euonymus europaea)

In the past the spindle wood was used to make spindles for spinning and holding wool (hence its common name), also used for skewers, toothpicks, pegs, and knitting needles. Image 2 of 3: Rosemary Winson 24 Aug 2020

Gradidge Lane spindle trees

Gradidge Lane spindle trees

Spindle (Euonymus europaea) is a native deciduous tree, often an indicator of Ancient Woodland but these specimens were planted fairly recently. Image 1 of 3: Rosemary Winson 24 Aug 2020

Chicken of the Woods

Chicken of the Woods

Laetiporis sulphureus - between river and track from Mill Bridge to Avon Farm June 2020 Kerry O'Connor

Robin's Pincushion

Robin's Pincushion

Robin's Pincushion is chemically induced on the dog rose, Rosa canina, and contains many larvae, each wintering in its own chamber, of the Bedeguar Gall Wasp, Diplolepis rosae. The adults, 99% females, emerge in the spring. Stratford Nature Reserve, Sept 2019. Image: Kerry O'Connor

Redleg

Redleg

Redleg or Redshank, Persicaria maculosa, has red lower stems and dark chevrons on the leaves. By the footbridge over the Avon, Sept 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Knotgrass

Knotgrass

Knotgrass, Polygonum aviculare, is not grass. It is a weed but it is not knotweed. (Is that not clear?) Stratford Nature Reserve, Sept 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

White Bryony

White Bryony

White Bryony, Bryonia dioica, though related to the cucumber, is poisonous. The southern slopes of Old Sarum, Sept 2019. Image: Kerry O'Connor

London Plane (collage)

London Plane (collage)

The London plane, Platanus × acerifolia, is a non native hybrid and the commonest tree in London. Above ground it copes well with air pollution, below ground with root compaction and concreting over. The shade it offers and the beautifully patterned trunk left as older non-stretchy brown outer bark that scales off to reveal the greener stretchier inner bark, are bonuses. Verge by Avon Farm, Sept 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Ganoderma applanatum

Ganoderma applanatum

Ganoderma applanatum, along the boardwalk in Avon Valley Nature reserve. This rots the heartwood of trees and is known as the artist’s bracket as sepia images can be drawn on the white underside, scratching revealing the brown beneath. August 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Turnip, Brassica rapa

Turnip, Brassica rapa

Turnip, Brassica rapa, footpath to allotments, Aug 2019 . Turnips have been cultivated for 4000 years. Image: Kerry O'Connor

Bitter Vetchling Lathyrus linifolius

Bitter Vetchling Lathyrus linifolius

Bitter Vetchling, Lathyrus linifolius. Avon Valley Nature reserve Aug 2019. The tubers were eaten in Scotland before potatoes and are supposed to reduce hunger. It is related to the sweet pea. Image: Kerry O'Connor

Horse Mint, Mentha longiflolia

Horse Mint, Mentha longiflolia

Horse mint, Mentha longifolia, road to Little Durnford Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Fat Hen, Chenopodium album

Fat Hen, Chenopodium album

Fat Hen, Chenopodium album, footpath up to Devizes Road, Cathedral on horizon, Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Fleabane

Fleabane

Fleabane, Pulicaria dysenterica, Mill Lane, Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Dryad's saddle fungus

Dryad's saddle fungus

Common Garden Snail (Cornu aspersum) inspecting a Dryad's saddle (Polyporus squamosus) fungus on western slopes of Old Sarum Aug 2019. Both are edible! Image: Kerry O'Connor

Shepherd's Purse and Pineapple weed

Shepherd's Purse and Pineapple weed

Shepherd's Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris, with heart shaped seed pods and Pineapple weed, Matricaria discoidea, with yellow green flowers devoid of petals (crush and sniff to see why pineapple weed) near Avon Farm. Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Wild parsnip, Pastinaca sativa,

Wild parsnip, Pastinaca sativa,

Wild parsnip, Pastinaca sativa, eastern approach to Old Sarum. Aug 2019. Image: Kerry O'Connor

Vervain, Verbena officinalis,

Vervain, Verbena officinalis,

Vervain, Verbena officinalis, on Gradidge Lane Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Red Bartsia

Red Bartsia

The semi-parasitic Red Bartsia, Odontites vernus, near footbridge across the Avon Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris

Mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris

Mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris, on eastern slopes of Old Sarum with cathedral spire on horizon, August 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Marsh Woundwort, Stachys palustris

Marsh Woundwort, Stachys palustris

Marsh Woundwort, Stachys palustris, on the village side of footbridge over Avon. Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Lesser Burdock, Arctium minus. (1)

Lesser Burdock, Arctium minus. (1)

Lesser Burdock, Arctium minus. With leaves like velvet (VELour), seeds with hooks (CROchets) it inspired a Swiss engineer to invent and name Velcro. Near Avon Farm. Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor

Coprinus cinereus, an ink cap

Coprinus cinereus, an ink cap

Coprinus cinereus, an ink cap that grows on dung. Pastures beneath Devizes Rd. Aug 2019. Inedible but even if it was edible, would you? Image: Kerry O'Connor

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Marsh Woundwort, Stachys palustris

Marsh Woundwort, Stachys palustris, on the village side of footbridge over Avon. Aug 2019 Image: Kerry O'Connor